Vandalism research paper

We would also like to express our thanks to Wesley Boggs, Travis Evans, and Kevin Gardiner, who took photos of traffic signs in the field. Agresti, A. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, second ed. Wiley-Interscience, New York. Baratian-Ghorghi, F. Effect of redlight cameras on capacity of signalized intersections. Journal of Transportation Engineering 1 , Black, K. Deterioration of retroreflective traffic signs. ITE Journal 62 7 , Boggs, W. Analysis of sign damage and failure: Utah case study. Transportation Research Record , Brimley, B. The current state of research on the long-term deterioration of traffic signs.

Carlson, P. Methods for Maintaining Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity.


Texas Transportation Institute, College Station. Drory, A. The effects of roadway environment and fatigue on sign perception. Journal of Safety Research 13 1 , Ellis, R. In-roadway "yield to pedestrians" signs: placement distance and motorist yielding. Ellison, J. Ellsworth, P. Evans, T. Assessment of sign retroreflectivity compliance for development of a management plan.

Development of a sign asset management plan for retoreflectivity compliance. Governor's Office Planning and Budget, Age Distribution in Utah. Harper, J. Motor vehicle crash fatalities: a comparison of Hispanic and non-Hispanic motorists in Colorado. Annals of Emergency Medicine 36 6 , Harris, E.

A control sign facility design to meet the new FHWA minimum sign retroreflectivity standards. Harris, G. Engineering Study for Reducing Sign Vandalism. Project HR Iowa Department of Transportation, Ames. Howden, L. Age and Sex Composition: Census Bureau, Washington DC. Hugh, W. Jalayer, M. A comprehensive assessment of highway inventory data collection methods.

Journal of the Transportation Research Forum 53 2 , Khalilikhah, M. Important environmental factors contributing to the temporary obstruction of the sign messages. GIS-based study of impacts of air pollutants on traffic sign deterioration. Analysis of the effects of coarse particulate matter PM10 on traffic sign retroreflectivity. Can daytime digital imaging be used for traffic sign retroreflectivity compliance? Measurement 75, Kipp, W. Vermont Agency of Transportation, Montpelier. Kirmizioglu, E. Comprehensibility of traffic signs among urban drivers in Turkey.

Lewis, D. Sign vandals make their costly and deadly mark. Traffic Safety Chicago 98 6 , 10— Liu, H. Traffic sign recognition using group sparse coding. Information Sciences 10 , 75— Mace, D. Traffic Signs in Complex Visual Environments. Institute for Research, State College.

Research paper | Vandalism | Adolescence

Majumdar, B. Identification of factors influencing bicycling in small sized cities: a case study of Kharagpur, India. Case Studies on Transport Policy 3 3 , — McGoldrick, P. Examining the changes in car ownership levels in the Greater Dublin Area between and Case Studies on Transport Policy 3 2 , — Mueller, G. Sign Vandalism Detection. Mulley, C. A comparative assessment of six Australian capital cities.

Case Studies on Transport Policy 2 1 , 1—9. Ng, A. The effects of driver factors and sign design features on the comprehensibility of traffic signs. Journal of Safety Research 39 3 , — Perkins, D. Traffic Signing Handbook. Perlich, P. Picha, D. Texas sign vandals still leaving mark. Texas Transportation Researcher 33 2 , 6—7. Preston, H. Traffic Safety Fundamentals Handbook. Minnesota Department of Transportation, Roseville. Prieto, M. Using self-organising maps in the detection and recognition of road signs.

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Image and Vision Computing 27 6 , — R Development Core Team, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna. Rasdorf, W. Romano, E. Stop sign violations: the role of race and ethnicity on fatal crashes. Journal of Safety Research 37 1 , 1—7. Schattler, K. Safety effects of traffic signing for left turn flashing yellow arrow signals.

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Sign vandalism an estimate of the national cost. In: Mid-continent Transportation Symposium , Ames, Strawderman, L. The effect of design and placement of work-zone warning signs on driver speed compliance: a simulator-based study. Driver behavior and accident frequency in school zones: assessing the impact of sign saturation. Traynor, T. Regional economic conditions and crash fatality rates—a cross-county analysis.

Journal of Safety Research 39 1 , 33— United States Census Bureau, a. Utah Median Household Income. United States Census Bureau, b. Utah Poverty Rate by County. United States Census Bureau, Utah Automated Geographic Reference Center, Vigano, R. A proposed method about the design of road signs.

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McDowell Journal of Police Science and Administration 8 4 Heaviside, S. Rowand, C. Williams, and E. Farris Violence and Discipline Problems in U. Schools, Hope, T. School Design and Burglary. Heal and G. Laycock eds. Burglary in Schools: The Prospects for Prevention.

Research and Planning Unit, Paper Murphy Howard Journal of Penology and Crime Prevention 22 1 Houghton, J. Vandalism and Theft: A Problem for Schools. Research Report International Dark-Sky Association Information Sheet Tucson, Ariz. Kenney, D. Watson Mayer, G. Nafpaktitis, T.

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Butterworth, and P. Hollingsworth Education and Treatment of Children 10 3 National Crime Prevention Council National Education Association National Research Council Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence. Skogan and K. Frydl eds. Nicholl, C.

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Pablant, P. Baxter Environmental Correlates of School Vandalism. Journal of the American Institute of Planners Peel Regional Police Poyner, B. Woburn, Mass. Sadler, W.


Research paper about school vandalism

Education 4 Sampson, R. False Burglar Alarms. Schneider, T. Walker, and J. Sprague Eugene, Ore. We will then contact you to clarify the details so that nothing prevents our writer from completing your order within a short timeframe. I am ready to pay someone to do my homework. After discovering our site, you will no longer need to bother your friends with such requests.

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School Vandalism: Individual and Social Context

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